How to Integrate Firebase with Flutter

Are you a developer looking to integrate Firebase with Flutter? Well, you're on the right page! Firebase is the go-to platform for developers looking to build high-quality mobile apps, and Flutter is a powerful framework for building beautiful apps. Combining these two technologies can take your mobile app development game to the next level.

In this article, we'll explore how to integrate Firebase with Flutter. We'll take a step-by-step approach so you can follow along without missing any important details. So, let's dive right in!

But before we get started, let's get a quick overview of what Firebase is and what it offers developers.

Introduction to Firebase

Firebase is a mobile and web application development platform that is known for its backend services, including database, authentication, hosting, and more. What's great about Firebase is that it allows developers to easily build high-quality mobile and web applications without having to worry about the backend. Firebase is also known for its real-time database support and integration with Google Cloud Platform.

Firebase's backend services can be broken down into four main categories:

Now that you have an understanding of what Firebase is and what it has to offer, let's get started by installing the necessary dependencies.

Installing Dependencies

The first step in integrating Firebase with Flutter is to add the necessary dependencies to your project. To do this, we’ll use the firebase_core and cloud_firestore packages.

Add the following to your pubspec.yaml file:

    sdk: flutter
  firebase_core: ^0.7.0
  cloud_firestore: ^0.16.0

Once you've included these dependencies in your project, you're ready to move on to the next step.

Configuring Firebase Project

Before we can use Firebase with our Flutter app, we need to create a Firebase project and configure it to work with our Flutter app. Here's how:

  1. Go to the Firebase Console.

  2. Click on the "Add Project" button, and follow the prompts to create a new Firebase project.

  3. After creating your project, click on "Add App."

  4. Choose the "Flutter" option and provide your Flutter project's package name. Click "Register App."

  5. Next, download the google-services.json configuration file from the Firebase Console and place it in the android/app/ directory of your Flutter project.

  6. For iOS, download the GoogleService-Info.plist file, and add it to your project's ios/Runner/ directory.

  7. Next, open your Flutter project's entry point file, typically main.dart, and add the following import:

import 'package:firebase_core/firebase_core.dart';
  1. After that, initialize Firebase by calling Firebase.initializeApp() in the main() function:
void main() async {
  await Firebase.initializeApp();

Alright, that's all we need to do to set up Firebase with our Flutter app! We can now start using Firebase's services.

Using Firebase Services


Firebase Authentication allows users to sign in and sign up using various popular providers, such as Google, Facebook, and email/password. Here's how to set up Firebase Authentication with Flutter:

  1. Go to the Firebase Console, and enable the Authentication service in your project.

  2. In your main.dart file, add the following imports:

import 'package:firebase_auth/firebase_auth.dart';
import 'package:google_sign_in/google_sign_in.dart';
  1. To sign in with Google, set up the GoogleSignIn instance in your app by calling GoogleSignIn():
final GoogleSignIn googleSignIn = GoogleSignIn();
  1. Next, create the FirebaseAuth instance:
final FirebaseAuth _auth = FirebaseAuth.instance;
  1. To sign in with Google, we need to open a web view to allow the user to select their Google account. We can do this by calling the signIn() method on the GoogleSignIn instance:
final GoogleSignInAccount? googleSignInAccount = await googleSignIn.signIn();
  1. After successfully authenticating with Google, we can get the AuthenticationCredential by calling signInWithCredential() on the FirebaseAuth instance:
final GoogleSignInAuthentication googleAuth = await googleSignInAccount.authentication;
final AuthCredential credential = GoogleAuthProvider.credential(
    accessToken: googleAuth.accessToken,
    idToken: googleAuth.idToken,
final User? user = (await _auth.signInWithCredential(credential)).user;

And just like that, the user has now signed in using Google with Firebase Authentication.

Real-time Database

Firebase's real-time database is a NoSQL cloud-hosted database that allows developers to build real-time applications that sync data between clients. Here's how to use Firebase's real-time database with Flutter:

  1. In the Firebase Console, create a new database, and configure the rules to allow read/write access:
  "rules": {
    ".read": true,
    ".write": true
  1. In your Flutter project, add the following import for Cloud Firestore:
import 'package:cloud_firestore/cloud_firestore.dart';
  1. To get a reference to the Firebase real-time database, we can call FirebaseFirestore.instance:
final FirebaseFirestore firestore = FirebaseFirestore.instance;
  1. To add a new document to the database, we can use the set() method:
firestore.collection('users').doc(userId).set({'name': 'John Doe', 'age': 30});
  1. To retrieve data, we can use the get() or stream() methods:
final DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot = await firestore.collection('users').doc(userId).get();
final Map<String, dynamic> data = as Map<String, dynamic>;

final Stream<DocumentSnapshot> documentStream = firestore.collection('users').doc(userId).snapshots();
final Map<String, dynamic> data = as Map<String, dynamic>;

With these simple steps, you can now start building real-time applications using Firebase's powerful real-time database.


In this article, we've explored how to integrate Firebase with Flutter. We've looked at how to install the necessary dependencies, configure the Firebase project, and use Firebase's services such as Authentication and real-time database. We hope that this article has provided you with the knowledge you need to take your mobile app development to the next level.

Firebase + Flutter is a powerful combination and opens up a world of possibilities. So, what are you waiting for? Start exploring Firebase with Flutter today!

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