How to Implement Push Notifications in Flutter

Are you ready to take your Flutter app to the next level with push notifications? Great! In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know to implement push notifications in your Flutter app.

What are Push Notifications?

Push notifications are a type of message that is sent to a user's mobile device without the user actively requesting it. They are a great way to keep your users engaged with your app by sending them personalized reminders and updates.

Push notifications can be used for many different purposes such as marketing, sales, customer engagement, and updates on new features or products. They can also be used to drive user retention and increase app usage.

How Do Push Notifications Work?

Push notifications work by using a push notification service to send a message to a user's mobile device. The message is usually initiated by a server or an API request.

When the push notification service receives the message, it sends a notification to the user's device. This notification can include a message, an icon, a sound, and other information that is relevant to the user.

Once the notification is received, the user can choose to interact with it or dismiss it. If the user interacts with it, they will be taken to the relevant screen or action within the app.

Implementing Push Notifications in Flutter

To implement push notifications in Flutter, you need to follow a few steps. These are:

  1. Register for a push notification service
  2. Add the required dependencies to your app
  3. Configure your app to receive and handle the push notifications
  4. Send push notifications to your app

Register for a Push Notification Service

To send push notifications to your app, you need to register with a push notification service. There are several popular services available such as Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM), OneSignal, and Pusher. In this article, we'll be using Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) as it is easy to use and well-documented.

To register for FCM, you need to create a Firebase project and add the required credentials to your app. Follow these steps to create a Firebase project:

  1. Go to the Firebase Console (
  2. Click "Add project"
  3. Enter a name for your project and select your country/region
  4. Click "Create Project"

Once your project is created, you need to add the necessary credentials to your app. Follow these steps to add Firebase to your app:

  1. Go to your Firebase console and select your project
  2. Click on the "Gear" icon on the top left corner and select "Project settings"
  3. Click on the "General" tab and scroll down to the "Your apps" section
  4. Click on "Add app" and select "Flutter" from the dropdown
  5. Enter the information required and click on "Register app"
  6. Download and add the google-services.json file to your android/app directory

Add the Required Dependencies to Your App

After registering your app with FCM, you need to add the necessary dependencies to your app. These dependencies include the firebase_messaging package and the flutter_local_notifications package.

The firebase_messaging package is used to receive push notifications from FCM, while the flutter_local_notifications package is used to display local notifications on the user's device.

To add these packages, simply add the following lines to your pubspec.yaml file:

  firebase_messaging: ^10.0.0
  flutter_local_notifications: ^5.0.0+3

After adding these dependencies, run flutter pub get to download and install them.

Configure Your App to Receive and Handle Push Notifications

Next, you need to configure your app to receive and handle push notifications. This involves setting up a FirebaseMessaging object to listen for incoming messages and handling the received messages.

Here is an example of how to set up a FirebaseMessaging object:

import 'package:firebase_messaging/firebase_messaging.dart';

class PushNotificationService {
  final FirebaseMessaging _fcm = FirebaseMessaging.instance;

  Future initialize() async {
    FirebaseMessaging.onMessage.listen((RemoteMessage message) {
      print("Message received");
    FirebaseMessaging.onMessageOpenedApp.listen((RemoteMessage message) {
      print("Message opened");

In this example, we've created a PushNotificationService class that initializes the FirebaseMessaging object and listens for incoming messages.

The requestPermission() method is used to request permission from the user to receive push notifications. This method is required for iOS devices and optional for Android devices.

The FirebaseMessaging.onMessage event is triggered when a message is received while the app is in the foreground. The RemoteMessage object contains the message data sent by FCM.

The FirebaseMessaging.onMessageOpenedApp event is triggered when the user taps on a notification while the app is in the background or closed. The RemoteMessage object contains the message data sent by FCM.

Send Push Notifications to Your App

Once you've configured your app to receive push notifications, you can send push notifications to your app by using the FCM API.

Here's an example of how to send a push notification using the FCM API:

import 'package:http/http.dart' as http;
import 'dart:convert';

Future<void> sendPushNotification(String title, String message, String token) async {
  final String serverKey = ''; // Replace with your server key from Firebase Console

  final Map<String, dynamic> body = {
    'notification': {
      'title': title,
      'body': message,
      'click_action': 'FLUTTER_NOTIFICATION_CLICK',
    'to': token,

  final http.Response response = await
    headers: <String, String>{
      'Content-Type': 'application/json; charset=UTF-8',
      'Authorization': 'key=$serverKey',
    body: jsonEncode(body),

  if (response.statusCode == 200) {
    print('Push notification sent successfully.');
  } else {
    print('Error sending push notification: ${response.body}');

In this example, we've created a sendPushNotification function that sends a push notification with a custom title, message, and token. The token is the FCM registration token for the device you want to send the notification to.

To use this function, simply call sendPushNotification with the required parameters:

sendPushNotification('New Message', 'You have a new message', 'YOUR_DEVICE_TOKEN');


Congratulations! You now know how to implement push notifications in your Flutter app using Firebase Cloud Messaging. With push notifications, you can keep your users engaged and informed about your app's updates and features.

Remember to always follow best practices for sending push notifications to avoid overwhelming your users and prioritize their preferences. Keep experimenting and improving your push notifications to make them more engaging and valuable for your users.

If you have any questions or feedback, feel free to leave a comment below. And don't forget to check out for more tips and tricks on Flutter and mobile application development!

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